Installing Drush for working with Drupal 6-8 and Backdrop » History » Revision 42
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- Installing Drush for working with Drupal 6-8 and Backdrop
Installing Drush for working with Drupal 6-8 and Backdrop¶
An important note: we no longer need to install any version of Drush except Drush 8, since that now supports Drupal 6, 7, <8.3 and Backdrop.
Installing and updating Drush 8 for all users¶
I've followed the "Install a global Drush via Composer" instructions under in the Drush 8 alternative installation documentation.
composer install as root is a security risk, you can use commands like these to install Drush in your home directory first, then move it to a globally-accessible location using
COMPOSER_HOME=/home/jack/drush COMPOSER_BIN_DIR=/usr/local/bin COMPOSER_VENDOR_DIR=/home/jack/drush/8 composer require drush/drush:8.2.3 cd ~/drush/8/drush/drush composer install sudo mv drush /opt/ sudo ln -s /opt/drush/8/drush/drush/drush /usr/local/bin/drush
Replace "8.2.3" (last updated in this documentation on 5/28/19) with the tag of the most recent stable 8.x release (see https://github.com/drush-ops/drush/releases)
Use the same commands with a new version number to update Drush as needed.
Install Drush on May First/People Link (MFPL) and other shared hosting environments¶
Primarily drawn from this MFPL ticket; thanks Ivan!
First, install Composer following these instructions.
Then to install Drush:
echo 'export PATH="$HOME/.composer/vendor/bin:$PATH"' >> ~/.bashrc source ~/.bashrc cd ~/<organization.org>/bin php composer.phar global require drush/drush:8.2.3 which drush
Note that sometimes
cgi-bin is present on MF/PL sites instead of
If using Drush aliases, you may need to specify the new Drush installation in the shared
aliases.drushrc.php file or a local aliases file. Here's an example:
$aliases['organization'] = array( 'remote-host' => 'organization.org', 'remote-user' => 'organization', 'root' => '/home/members/organization/sites/organization.org/web', 'uri' => 'organization.org', 'path-aliases' => array( '%drush-script' => '/home/members/organization/sites/organization.org/users/organization/.composer/vendor/bin/drush', '%dump-dir' => '~/drush-backups', '%files' => '/home/members/organization/sites/organization.org/web/sites/default/files',), );
Install and update Drush Backdrop commands¶
In order for Drush to work with Backdrop, you must install the Drush Backdrop commands within the Drush 8 installation itself.
Assuming that Drush 8 is installed in
/opt/drush/8/drush/drush, as specified above:
sudo git clone https://github.com/backdrop-contrib/drush.git /opt/drush/8/drush/drush/commands/backdrop
To update Drush Backdrop commands later, run
git pull origin from within the