- Table of contents
- Installing Drush for working with Drupal 6-8 and Backdrop
Installing Drush for working with Drupal 6-8 and Backdrop¶
An important note: we no longer need to install any version of Drush except Drush 8, since that now supports Drupal 6, 7, <8.3 and Backdrop.
Installing and updating Drush 8 for all users¶
I've followed the "Install a global Drush via Composer" instructions under in the Drush 8 alternative installation documentation.
composer install as root is a security risk, you can use commands like these to install Drush in your home directory first, then move it to a globally-accessible location using
cd ~ COMPOSER_HOME=$HOME/drush COMPOSER_VENDOR_DIR=$HOME/drush/8 composer require drush/drush:8.3.0 cd ~/drush/8/drush/drush composer install sudo mv ~/drush /opt/ sudo ln -s /opt/drush/8/drush/drush/drush /usr/local/bin/drush
If you must run
composer install and the other commands above as root, e.g. if that's the only user we have access to on the server, you can do so by changing the
COMPOSER_VENDOR_DIR paths to
Replace "8.3.0" (last updated in this documentation on 7/31/19) with the tag of the most recent stable 8.x release (see https://github.com/drush-ops/drush/releases)
Use the same commands with a new version number to update Drush as needed.
Install Drush on May First/People Link (MFPL) and other shared hosting environments¶
Primarily drawn from this MFPL ticket; thanks Ivan!
First, install Composer following these instructions.
Then to install Drush:
echo 'export PATH="$HOME/.composer/vendor/bin:$PATH"' >> ~/.bashrc source ~/.bashrc cd ~/<organization.org>/bin php composer.phar global require drush/drush:8.2.3 which drush
Note that sometimes
cgi-bin is present on MF/PL sites instead of
If using Drush aliases, you may need to specify the new Drush installation in the shared
aliases.drushrc.php file or a local aliases file. Here's an example:
$aliases['organization'] = array( 'remote-host' => 'organization.org', 'remote-user' => 'organization', 'root' => '/home/members/organization/sites/organization.org/web', 'uri' => 'organization.org', 'path-aliases' => array( '%drush-script' => '/home/members/organization/sites/organization.org/users/organization/.composer/vendor/bin/drush', '%dump-dir' => '~/drush-backups', '%files' => '/home/members/organization/sites/organization.org/web/sites/default/files',), );
Install and update Drush Backdrop commands¶
In order for Drush to work with Backdrop, you must install the Drush Backdrop commands within the Drush 8 installation itself.
Assuming that Drush 8 is installed in
/opt/drush/8/drush/drush, as specified above:
sudo git clone https://github.com/backdrop-contrib/drush.git /opt/drush/8/drush/drush/commands/backdrop
To update Drush Backdrop commands installed like this:
cd /opt/drush/8/drush/drush/commands/backdrop sudo git pull origin