Installing Drush for working with Drupal 6-8 and Backdrop » History » Revision 2

« Previous | Revision 2/62 (diff) | Next »
Jack Aponte, 03/29/2016 01:00 AM

Installing Drush for working with Drupal 6-8 and Backdrop

Because Palante is still supporting a number of Drupal 6 sites, and we've fallen victim to the weird gotcha where Drush destroys your git repo and other non-Drupal files that seems to happen more often with Drush 8 than other versions, we've decided to stick with Drush 7 as the default version in use at Palante. But since we are beginning to build Drupal 8 sites, we also need Drush 8 installed; Drush 8 is also better for Backdrop, which we're also working with, because with the "Backdrop Drush commands" installed with Drush 7, Drush stops working with Drupal 7.

Therefore, when we're working with Drupal 6 or 7, we want to use Drush 7; when we're using Drupal 8 or Backdrop, we want to use Drush 8.

Install Drush 7 and Drush 8 for all users

I've followed the "To install for all users on the server" instructions under "Composer - One Drush for all Projects" in the Drush 7 installation documentation:.

To install Drush 7, run the following commands as root or using sudo.

git clone -b 7.2.0 /usr/local/src/drush7
cd /usr/local/src/drush7
composer install
ln -s /usr/local/src/drush7/drush /usr/bin/drush7

Replace "7.2.0" with the tag of the most recent stable 7.x release (see

Then install Drush 8, again running these commands as root or using sudo.

git clone -b 8.0.5 /usr/local/src/drush8
cd /usr/local/src/drush8
composer install
ln -s /usr/local/src/drush8/drush /usr/bin/drush8

Replace "8.0.5" with the tag of the most recent stable 8.x release (see

You can now run drush7 or drush8 to use each specific version of Drush.

Because I currently want to use Drush 8 when working with Backdrop, I'll also create a drushbd alias pointing to Drush 8; later, if Backdrop needs to use a different version of Drush, I can change where the drushbd alias points and continue to use that command.

ln -s /usr/local/src/drush8/drush /usr/bin/drushbd

EXTRA TIP: To update version of Drush installed as outlined above, run the following commands within the /usr/local/src/<drush-version> directory:

git pull origin master
git checkout tags/7.2.0 -b 7.2.0
composer install

Replace "7.2.0" with the most recent stable release of the Drush version you're updating.

Create script to automatically switch Drush versions based on git configuration setting

As per this excellent guide from Marc van Gend of Triquanta, I've set up a script to let us switch between versions of Drush on a project-by-project basis using git configuration settings.

The script, which lives at /usr/bin/drush and is therefore called whenever someone runs the drush command:

version=$(git config --get drush.version)
if [ "$version" = '8' ];
    drush8 "$@" 
elif [ "$version" = 'backdrop' ];
    drushbd "$@" 
    drush7 "$@" 

Set drush.version git variable on a per-project basis

For the script to automatically switch to the right version of Drush when working with Drupal 8 or Backdrop, set the drush.version value in the git repo for the project by running git config drush.version <version>. For example:

$ drush --version
 Drush Version   :  7.2.0
$ git config drush.version 8
$ drush --version
 Drush Version   :  8.0.5

For Backdrop, run git config drush.version backdrop.

Update drush remote aliases to use correct Drush scripts

If you've got aliases set up for remote sites, update your aliases.drushrc.php file to include the specific drush script that should be used on the remote site. See the example.aliases.drushrc.php file if you need help creating your aliases.drushrc.php file or learning about %drush-script.

An example aliases.drushrc.php file with %drush-script specified:

$aliases['drupal8'] = array(
  'remote-host' => '',
  'remote-user' => 'jack',
  'root' => '/var/www/dev/drupal8',
  'uri' => '',
  'path-aliases' => array(
    '%drush-script' => '/usr/bin/drush8',
$aliases['backdrop'] = array(
  'remote-host' => '',
  'remote-user' => 'jack',
  'root' => '/var/www/dev/backdrop',
  'uri' => '',
  'path-aliases' => array(
    '%drush-script' => '/usr/bin/drushbd',

Updated by Jack Aponte about 8 years ago · 2 revisions

Also available in: PDF HTML TXT

Go to top